What is a Clotting Disorder?
When your body is injured or cut, platelets stick together to form a blood clot. These platelets, or proteins, in your blood help to stop bleeding and protect germs from getting inside of your body through the wound. If you blood begins clotting without injury, as it circulates through your veins or arteries, that can cause a big problem. When blood clots it can block the passage to organs and parts of the body, which can result in heart attack, stroke, or death of a limb. Hyper coagulation could be inherited or acquired by disease, some medications, trauma or other medical conditions such as obesity.
What are the risks of clotting disorders?
Heart attack, stroke, pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis are all life threatening complications that can arise from untreated excessive clotting. Blood clots, also known as thrombi, can form within a blood vessel. When they break free they can go through the veins or arteries and block the flow in another part of the body, this is called thromboemboli. If a blood clot forms in your heart the thromboemboli may clog the coronary arteries, causing a heart attack. If this happens in the brain, it can cause ischemic stokes and the occurrence in the lungs is called pulmonary embolism. Deep vein thrombosis is when the thromboemboli forms in the veins of the lower legs and causes swelling and pain.
What are the treatment options for clotting disorders?
Blood thinners are used to for patients diagnosed with clotting disorders for short or long term treatment. The blood thinners, also known as anticoagulants, work by reducing the bloods ability to clot. The physician will prescribe blood thinners based upon the condition that caused the diagnosis, personal and family medical history.