Treatment of Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
There are different types of treatment for patients with adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The treatment of adult AML usually has two phases:
- Remission induction therapy: This is the first phase of treatment. Its purpose is to kill the leukemia cells in the blood and bone marrow. This puts the leukemia into remission.
- Post-remission therapy: This is the second phase of treatment. It begins after the leukemia is in remission. The purpose of post-remission therapy is to kill any remaining leukemia cells that may not be active but could begin to regrow and cause a relapse. This phase is also called remission continuation therapy.
- Systemic chemotherapy— When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or injected into a vein or muscle, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body.
- Intrathecal chemotherapy— When chemotherapy is placed directly into the spinal column. Intrathecal chemotherapy may be used to treat adult AML that has spread, or may spread to the brain and spinal cord.
- Regional chemotherapy— When chemotherapy is placed directly into an organ, or a body cavity such as the abdomen, the drugs mainly affect cancer cells in those areas.
- Combination chemotherapy— Treatment using more than one anticancer drug.